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Diabetes Treatment in Nashik - Dr. Preetam Ahirrao

Diabetes: Everything You Need to Know

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a metabolic condition characterized by excessive blood sugar levels. Insulin transports sugar from the bloodstream into your cells, where it is stored or used for energy. Your body either doesn’t generate enough insulin or can’t use the insulin it does make it efficiently if you have diabetes.

Diabetes-related elevated blood sugar can harm your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs if left untreated.

There are a few different types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes

Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune illness. In the pancreas, where insulin is produced, the immune system attacks and destroys cells. It is unknown what is causing this attack. This kind of diabetes affects about 10% of diabetics.


When your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you have prediabetes.

Type 2 diabetes

When your body develops resistant to insulin, sugar builds up in your blood, resulting in type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

High blood sugar during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. This kind of diabetes is caused by the placenta’s production of insulin-blocking substances.

Symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes symptoms are caused by rising blood sugar.

Increased hunger

Increased thirst

Weight loss

Frequent urination

Blurry vision

Extreme fatigue

Sores that don’t heal

Diagnosis of diabetes

Anyone who has diabetic symptoms or is at risk of developing the disease should be checked. During the second or third trimester of pregnancy, women are frequently screened for gestational diabetes.

These blood tests are used by doctors to determine prediabetes and diabetes:

The fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures your blood sugar after you’ve fasted for 8 hours.

The A1C test provides a snapshot of your blood sugar levels over the previous 3 months.

Diabetes prevention is important

Because type 1 diabetes is caused by an immune system imbalance, it cannot be prevented. Some factors that contribute to type 2 diabetes, such as your genes or age, are also beyond your control.

Many other diabetes risk factors, on the other hand, are under your control. The majority of diabetes preventive techniques entail adopting minor dietary and exercise changes.

If you have prediabetes, there are a few things you may take to postpone or avoid the onset of type 2 diabetes:

Get at least 150 minutes per week of aerobic exercise, such as walking or cycling.

Cut saturated and trans fats, along with refined carbohydrates, out of your diet.

Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Eat smaller portions.

Try to lose 7 percent Trusted Source of your body weight if you’re overweight or obese.

Children with diabetes

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can affect children. Blood sugar control is especially crucial in young individuals because diabetes can harm vital organs like the heart and kidneys.

Type 1 diabetes

Diabetes with an autoimmune component frequently begins in childhood. Increased urination is one of the most common symptoms. After being toilet trained, children with type 1 diabetes may begin to wet the bed.

Extreme thirst, exhaustion, and hunger are additional symptoms of the illness. It’s critical that children with type 1 diabetes receive treatment as soon as possible. High blood sugar and dehydration are two medical crises that can occur as a result of the condition.

Type 2 diabetes

Because type 2 diabetes is so uncommon in children, type 1 diabetes was sometimes referred to as “juvenile diabetes.” Type 2 diabetes is becoming increasingly frequent in this age range as more youngsters become overweight or obese.

According to the Mayo Clinic, over 40% of children with type 2 diabetes exhibit no symptoms. A physical examination is frequently used to diagnose the condition.

Type 2 diabetes, if left untreated, can lead to life-threatening complications such as heart disease, kidney failure, and blindness. Healthy food and exercise can assist your child in controlling their blood sugar levels and avoiding these issues.

Young individuals are more likely than ever to have type 2 diabetes.